Keeping the aquarium clean is essential for your pet’s health. Do you know how often a turtle’s water is changed? The care and cleanliness of the turtle’s water are essential.
A turtle spends most of its life inside the aquarium, immersed in water or taking a sunbath in the dry area of the aquarium. Therefore, taking care of the water’s hygiene is essential. Otherwise, your turtle could develop respiratory problems and disease.
Keep in mind that these reptiles are out of their habitat and any carelessness on your part can become a health problem. But how often do you need to change the aquarium water? How do you know if it’s dirty or clean? Find out in the following paragraphs.
Difference between unfiltered and filtered aquariums
The frequency with which you have to change the water in your aquarium depends on several factors: the size, the number of turtles living in it. Normally, the water in a medium-sized aquarium where a filter has not been installed starts to become dirty after a week.
The best way to verify this is through simple observation: the remains of food and waste produced by your turtle normally accumulate on the bottom of the aquarium and are perfectly visible. If you have a large aquarium and several turtles inside, you may want to install a filter.
The main problem for most aquatic turtle lovers is being able to maintain clear and odorless water for several weeks or even months, synonymous with good turtle health. We have found that the quality of the water plays a decisive role in the health of its residents.
After many years of testing, discussions with competent people in the aquarium hobby field, a type of filter was found with different types of filter masses that have their efficiency. Before going into the details of building such a filter, remember some basic principles for the proper maintenance of aquatic turtles:
- Choose a species based on the space available.
- Do not overload the aqua terrarium.
- Know the characteristics of the chosen species well.
- Prepare the facilities before acquiring male or female turtles.
- Ask for advice from qualified breeders.
- Do not overfeed.
Turtle water care and cleaning: aquarium without filter
In addition to knowing how often a freshwater turtle’s water is changed, you should also know some basic rules for cleaning the aquarium. When emptying the aquarium, you can take the opportunity to clean its walls and bottom with products suitable for cleaning it.
If you prefer to add bleach, then pay particular attention to rinsing and make sure that there are no traces of this product, as it is toxic. And, throughout the process, keep the turtle in a safe place away from the claws of any domestic predator.
Turtle water care and cleaning: aquarium with filter
Let’s start with the complete description of an aquarium, understand how it’s composed, and then move on to maintenance.
- Aquarium size : L = 3ft, l = 2.2f, h = 1.3f for 2-3 adult turtles. The height of the water depends on the size of the turtles (11 inches for adult turtles)
- Aquarium arrangement: filtration required – Provide sunbathing areas, out of the water.
- Light source: a neon light – a 60W spot 11 inches above the beach for sunbathing is a source of heat
Water heating: the water temperature must be kept at 71-75 ° F for young specimens. The heater can be removed when the turtles have reached a size of 4 inches.
Types of filtration
Your aquarium, however small it may be, is a constantly changing system: the animals and plants that inhabit it continually produce waste materials which, if not filtered and treated properly, will lead to an inevitable collapse.
The filter takes care of cleaning up these harmful substances, introducing new oxygen into the water. There are different types of filtrations:
1) Mechanical filtration: made with synthetic foams, it eliminates all bodies suspended in the water (waste, pieces of plants, excess food, etc.)
2) Biological filtration: fixed on suitable supports, bacteria transform toxic nitrites into nitrates. Possible supports: hollow stones, “noodles” (small porous ceramic tubes), synthetic spheres.
3) Chemical filtration: removes toxic elements from water and/or add natural products to improve water quality. As the main element of chemical filtration, activated carbon for example removes toxic products from the water after medical treatment. Activated carbon must not enter the permanent composition of the filter, but only and exclusively if necessary.
Be careful: if you leave activated carbon in a filter for too long, it will reject all the products it has absorbed previously.
Types of filter
1) Internal filters: they have the shape of a cylindrical device attached to suction cups in an internal corner of the tray and connected to an electrical outlet. These filters are commonly used in small to medium capacity tanks (less than 150 liters). Generally made of plastic, water travels through various materials ( razor clams, sponge, coal, wool, resins, peat ) and then returns, purified, to the environment.
2) Sedimentation tank: are currently supplied as standard with medium capacity aquariums. These filters use the same principles of operation as indoor filters but can have different filter layers (foams, stones, perlon). The sedimentation tank occupies one side of the tank.
A pump draws water from the base of the system and brings it back to the surface by passing it through several layers of filter material. This system allows for more complete filtration than a conventional internal filter. Be careful: cover this filter well to prevent turtles (especially young ones) from getting trapped or crushed by the propeller.
3) External filter: allow you to control filtration well, having a series of compartments for each type of filtering mass. The water is sucked from the aquarium, brought into the filter placed under the aquarium, and returned to it once purified.
These filters are very quiet and easy to maintain: just close the water taps and take the filter to a sink. They are generally more expensive than indoor filters, but some may incorporate a water heating system and a semi-wet system that promotes the growth of bacteria.