Poodles are decorative breeds that live for about 12-15 years. But among them, there are also centenarians who live much longer.
Let’s figure out what affects the life expectancy of a poodle and how to increase it.
The life expectancy of a poodle
Good immunity, proper care, and comfortable living conditions allow these curly-haired pets to please the owners with their presence for a long time.
The average lifespan of a poodle largely depends on the size of the dog:
- royal poodles live 13-14 years;
- medium and dwarf poodles – up to 15 years;
- toy poodles – up to 18 years old.
Interesting! Among the representatives of this breed there are real centenarians. One of them was the dwarf poodle Seamus, which lived for 20 years.
How to Find out the Age of a Poodle
It often happens that a dog ends up in another house, not as a puppy. To get at least some idea of the animal, the new owner needs to establish the approximate age of the dog.
The most accurate way to find out how old a poodle is is to assess the condition of its teeth:
- In young dogs that are 1-2 years old, they are white and sharp. The incisor protrusions are trefoil-like in shape.
- After 2 years, the teeth begin to grind gradually. Natural whiteness fades.
- By the age of 4, a grayish tint appears on the poodle’s teeth. The protrusions on them become barely distinguishable.
- After 5 years, the canines of the representatives of this breed grind. Yellowness appears on the teeth.
- By the age of 6-8, the pet’s incisors become concave at the edges. The canines are completely dull. Plaque builds up on the teeth.
- At the age of 8-10, the hooks become oval. The canines are severely abraded. The teeth turn completely yellow and sometimes they take on a brownish tint.
- By the age of 12, the poodle’s teeth begin to loosen and fall out.
You can determine the approximate age of a dog by the condition of the coat, eyes, and behavior.
Young poodles are active and energetic. They have developed muscles and do not have excess weight.
Older animals rest more, move little, and hardly play. Their muscles lose their tone and become flabby. Obesity develops in dogs.
The eyes of young representatives of this breed are bright and shiny. By the age of 7, they become dull.
In youth, the coat of a poodle is thick and soft to the touch. It curls into thin cords or fits into elastic curls that retain their shape well. In older dogs, the coat becomes dull and brittle. She does not fit well and begins to turn gray.
How to extend the life of a Poodle
In order for a cheerful curly pet to please the owners with its presence for a long time, you need to take care of it.
Proper maintenance, proper care, a complete diet, and regular visits to the veterinarian are important not only for an elderly but also for a young poodle.
How long a poodle will live depends on what it eats. When compiling a pet’s diet, you need to include in it all the foods that are necessary for the health of the dog.
- Meat. Beef and lean lamb are especially useful for the poodle. Meat should make up two-thirds of the dog’s diet.
- By-products. Twice a week, meat feeding is replaced with boiled beef liver or heart.
- Lean sea fish. Bones are removed from the dog before being placed in the dog’s bowl.
- Cereals. Rice, millet, and buckwheat will be of particular benefit to the pet. Semi-liquid cereals are cooked from them.
- Dairy products. Several times a week, the dog is given low-fat cottage cheese, kefir, or yogurt. These foods make up for the calcium deficiency.
- Vegetables. They are served boiled or raw. Cabbage, beets, celery, carrots, and greens are useful for the pet.
The list of forbidden foods that cannot be fed to the poodle includes sweets, smoked meats, pastries, river fish, onions, sausages, potatoes, and legumes. Also, the dog is not recommended to give salty, spicy, fried, and fatty foods. Any food from the master’s table is contraindicated for the pet.
Important! A poodle fed with natural food should be given vitamin and mineral complexes.
Dogs of this breed are happy to eat not only regular food but also dry food. When choosing it, it is better to focus on the composition and brand of the product.
Dry poodle food should be premium or super-premium. It is important that it does not contain dyes, preservatives, wheat, and corn.
Walks and games
How long dwarf poodles and their larger counterparts live depends on the amount of time they spend outdoors. Representatives of the breed are highly active and need regular walks. The longer and more often these dogs are outdoors, the better their health.
While walking with the poodle, you can play ball or just run. For emotional health, your pet should be allowed to frolic with other dogs. But it is better to protect a small doggie from contact with large animals.
Large dogs are not always accurate and can inadvertently injure smaller ones.
On a note. For safety reasons in urban areas, it is better to walk the poodle on a leash. This reduces the risk that he will eat poison, fall under the wheels or get lost.
Timely treatment and deworming
The poodle is a hardy and strong dog with good immunity. But he sometimes has health problems.
The most common diseases in this breed are:
- Addison’s disease;
- hypoplasia of the optic nerve;
- retinal atrophy;
- otitis media;
- chronic hepatitis.
Not all of these diseases are fatal and, with the right treatment, are easy to get rid of. Therefore, at the first signs of a deterioration in the pet’s well-being, it must be shown to the veterinarian.
Important! Toy poodles have an accelerated metabolism. Therefore, they may suddenly develop an attack of hypoglycemia. If timely assistance is not provided, the animal may die.
In addition, there are diseases that can be prevented by vaccination. The first comprehensive vaccination against hepatitis, leptospirosis, plague of carnivores, parainfluenza, and parvovirus enteritis is given to poodles at 8-9 weeks and repeated after 21 days. Subsequently, vaccination is carried out annually.
Poodles living in apartments and regularly going outside can become infected with parasites. Therefore, they need to be systematically treated for worms, fleas, and ticks:
- puppies are given antihelminthic drugs once a quarter;
- adult dogs – once every six months.
If this is not done, the pet will eventually develop problems with the digestive tract and worsen its health. Preparations for external parasites are given in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers. So, drops on the withers are usually used once every 21 days, and tablets – once every 4 or 12 weeks.
This simple procedure cannot be neglected. Fleas can cause dermatitis, and ticks carry Lyme disease and piroplasmosis.
Care and hygiene
In order for the dog to be healthy and have an attractive appearance, it is subjected to simple procedures, accustoming to which begins from puppyhood:
- The pet’s teeth are cleaned once a week with a soft brush and a special paste. To strengthen the gums and remove plaque, your pet is regularly treated to chewy treats or large bones to chew on.
- Ears are the poodle’s weak spot. They need special care. They are cleaned of accumulated dirt 1 time in 2 weeks and examined for inflammation.
- The dog’s eyes are daily wiped with a cotton swab, which has been moistened with boiled water or chamomile decoction.
- The pet’s claws are shortened once a month with a claw cutter. To grind them down naturally, they often walk with the dog on the asphalt.
- The fur of the animal is combed with a slicker 4 times a week. The dog is bathed no more than 3-4 times a year. After the bath procedures, it is wiped off with a towel and dried with a hairdryer. Grooming is an integral part of grooming. It must be performed by a specialist.
On a note. There are many variations of poodle hairstyles . The most popular are the “Continental”, “English lion” and “Scandinavian lion” haircuts.
Causes of premature death
The premature death of a dog can be caused by:
- insufficient and unbalanced nutrition;
- neglect of routine vaccination;
- lack of antiparasitic treatments;
- lack of physical activity and walking;
- untimely treatment;
- poisoning with poisons.
Important! Poodles are active dogs with an inquisitive character. Therefore, small curious animals often die due to the carelessness of the owners. Dwarf poodles are often crushed by furniture or doors.
Signs of aging in Poodles
You can determine that the dog is no longer young by the following signs:
- decreased activity of the dog;
- manifestation of chronic diseases;
- abrasion and loss of teeth;
- the appearance of gray hair;
- change in gait;
- deterioration in the condition of the coat.
Depending on the variety of the breed, poodles live from 13 to 18 years. But with proper feeding, quality veterinary service, good care and attention, the dog will delight the owners much longer than the average period.